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Stirlingshire - Nature and History, The Beautiful Duality of Stirlingshire

Overview

One of the registration counties of Scotland, Stirlingshire is based around the former town of the same name and is located to the mid-eastern part of the Scottish territory. It is bounded by Perthshire to the north, by Clackmannanshire and West Lothian to the east, by Lanarkshire to the south, and by Dunbartonshire to the west.

The county contains 21 parishes which includes Alva, a parish that is detached from the rest of the county. The royal burgh of Stirling (the main town of the county) houses the only sheriff’s court.

The surface of the county offers a diverse landscape, with mountains, hills, valleys and hundreds of thousands of arable acres. The county has a wide array of crops as well as many different minerals, both of which contribute to the prosperity of its people.

Short History

There is substantial evidence that the Romans inhabited the region by the many remains found in the county. The city of Stirling in particular, has been witness to its fair share of history, like the victory of Kenneth II over the Picts in the year 971 AD. Shortly after that, the Northumbrian Saxons controlled the area until the year 997 AD, when Kenneth III recovered it from them.

This county is also well known for the famous Battle of Stirling Bridge, in which the Scottish army led by William Wallace defeated the English and gave the country a strong push towards independence.

Centuries after that, the Stirling castle, one of the most famous of Scotland, became a main character in the county’s history when the Stuarts, that were the reigning family at the time, took it as their royal residence.

As mentioned above, the generous geography of the Stirling County allowed for many different kinds of crops and manufacture. Among the crops, the wheat, oats, barley, peas, beans, potatoes, and turnips should be highlighted as the main produce of the county town. Also of importance are the many varieties of farming animals in the area, among which sheep, dairy cows, and horses stand out.

Mining is also of dire importance in the region, where whinstone, granite, and freestone of various colors are among the most important extracted minerals. But these are not the only ones. The county is also known for extracting limestone, ironstone, and coal, as well as silver, copper and lead.

Interestingly enough, mining has brought progress on many fronts. A clear example of this is the manufacturing industry that specializes in malleable iron goods. Stirlingshire is also known for its carpets, woolen clothes and tartans, which have helped build the reputation of the woolen manufacture industry. Lastly, there are other industries that have also contributed to the economy of the region (although in small part) like cotton manufacture industry, distilleries and the ship-building industry as well.

All of the above have helped strengthen the economy of Stirlingshire. And these, coupled with the many beautiful towns and the kind, diverse landscapes, have made of this region one of the favorite places to visit among those looking to enjoy both nature and history alike.