Fifeshire – The Heart of the Scottish Council Areas
Known to foreigners mostly by its anglification Fifeshire, and initially one of the Pictish kingdoms, the council area of Fife was one of the many counties of Scotland until it was abolished as such on the year of 1975 along with many others.
Fifeshire rests upon the eastern shore of Scotland, facing the North Sea, and is considered by many a peninsula. It is located right between the Firth of Tay, which rests upon the north, and the Firth of Forth, which lies to the south.
Fifeshire is also very known because of the town of St Andrews, a notable town that rests upon its east coast and which is considered to be the home of golf (the sport) and of one of the most ancient universities in the world as well.
Records can be found as far back as A.D. 1150 that already mention the names of Fib and Fif, both early titles by which Fifeshire was known for. Also, the fact that Fifeshire is a medium-sized peninsula and that its shape has changed very little over the centuries, has made even its maps of old very accurate even on current times.
On the early 1500’s, fishing was the most profitable activity of the peninsula, with its coastline boasting dozens of little ports with each holding many fishing fleets as well as trading businesses. In fact, such was the perceived value of Fifeshire’s coastline and sea that many referred to the region as a “beggar covered with a golden rimmed mantle”.
Other than fishing, but closely related to it though, was the shipbuilding business that also thrived and became famous on those years, no doubt due to the boom in fishing.
Afterwards, in 1598, King James VI recruited 12 men in order to colonize and civilize the Isle of Lewis. They later became known as the Fife Adventurers, who also strived to anglicize the native population of the region, but that couldn’t succeed in doing so in the end, having to put a stop to their endeavor on 1609.
After the war period, Glenrothes, which came to be the second town of all Scotland, started its accelerated development in Fifeshire. It is a curious fact that even tough it was originally planned to be centered on the coal mining business, it eventually brought many Silicon Glen companies that took the region on a different direction business-wise.
Among the many notable historical buildings in the area of Fifeshire there is the Dunfermline Abbey, and lastly, the St Andrews Castle, which is known to be the resting place of Scottish royalty.
Nowadays Fifeshire continues to be an influential cultural venue all around Scotland with the Stanza Poetry Festival and the Fife Festival of Music regarded as national-scale cultural events.
|Site created and maintained by Sue
© Births Deaths and Marriages Exchange ~ a Scotland genealogy resource