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East Lothian – A Surprisingly Diverse Constituency

Overview

East Lothian is a constituency of the Parliament of Scotland. As its name states, it rests upon the eastern shores of the country to the north by the river Forth, to the west by the city of Edinburgh, to the south by the Lammermuir Hills and to the east by the vast North Sea.

Its scenery is marked by the countryside, the farmland and beautiful beaches all along its coastline.

Across East Lothian also runs the one considered its main river, the Tyne, which cuts the geography of the constituency flowing from Southwest to Northeast heading for the North Sea.

Short History

There are copious amounts of evidence nearby the Lammermuir Hills that show the presence of communities since the early Iron Age, which can be further corroborated by the existence of the White Castles’ and The Chester’s ruins close by as well.

The particular location of the river Forth has also played an important part in East Lothian’s history, especially due to it’s position in relation to the main route ways to Edinburgh. Such route ways not only provide access to the world-renown city already mentioned, but in doing so, runs across some of the most representative castles of the region: The Tantallon, the Dirleton and the Dunbar.
As you can see, similarly to many other Scottish constituencies, East Lothian’s history has been greatly determined by its geographical location and by the river Forth in particular.

Evidence can also be found about the religious foundations of the early communities, which span all the way to even before the Middle Age as the Nunraw Abbey and the Church of Haddington show.

Lastly, an unknown fact to many foreign people visiting East Lothian is that the constituency was among the main representatives of the Agricultural Revolution that swept Europe during the 18th and 19th century. At the time, landowners among the region raised to reclaim lands and change the whole agricultural landscape by introducing crop rotations and many other new measures.

And its agricultural influence within the region is still felt nowadays, since East Lothian’s economy keeps relying heavily on agriculture as its main activity. In fact, sectors like mining, electronics, power generation and tourism, even though keeping an important place in the economy of the constituency, cannot truly compete against the magnitude of what agriculture represents to it.

But among all its attractions and tourist spots, the ones that stand out the most are no doubt the Pyramid of Berwick Law and the one of Traprain Law, which are both of volcanic origin and are located to the north of East Lothian.

Lastly, even though the ups and downs of the economy run the same around all of Scotland, East Lothian seems to be impervious to most crises, which is easily noticed by the constantly low rate of unemployment, which is way below the national average.